(417)673-2112
1201 S. Madison Street
Webb City, Missouri  64870
  

Natural Pest & Disease Repellents & Cures

Remedy

Problem

Baking Soda Spray

Anthracnose, early tomato blight, leaf blight and spots, powdery mildew  & as a general fungicide

Chive Spray

Prevention of apple scab and downy mildew on cucumber, pumpkin and zucchini.

Compost & Manure Teas

Blights & general disease

Corn & Garlic Spray

General fungus preventative

Elder Leaf Spray

Blackspot & mildew

Garlic Fungicide

Spray #1

Mildews & leaf spot

Garlic Fungicide

Spray #2

Fungicide and Insect repellent

Horseradish Spray

Brown rot in apples & general disease prevention

Hydrogen Peroxide Treatment

General disease preventative and direct treatment

Milk Spray

Different common mildews on cucumber, asters, tomato, squash and zinnia foliage.  Also for mosaic disease control on cucumber, lettuce & tomato.

Tomato Virus Protective Spray

Prevention of tomato, potato and pepper leaf blights

Apple Cider Vinegar Fungicide

Leafspot, mildew & scab

Spraying Basics

1. It is best to use any type of spray in the early morning or the cool of evening. Do not spray when temps are above 80 degrees Fahrenheit! Your plants may "burn" or have a reaction to what you are using in excessive heat. This is known as "phytotoxicity."
2. Always perform a test on a small portion of the plant material first. Wait 24 hours to observe any negative reaction. Proceed if there is no damage.
3. Really and truly...more is not better. If you are not getting good results don't increase the strength of these remedies without testing first.
4. Target just the area you need to treat. Be careful... try not to harm the good bugs! You

don't want to run off your allies.
5. When working with sprays or dusts always protect your exposed skin and face. Some of these ingredients can be very irritating to your skin, eyes and mucous membranes, especially any hot pepper sprays.

 

Specific Disease Controls

 

Apple tree scab: Grow any member of the onion family around the base of the tree. Chives work the best. You can also make a tea from chives and use as a spray on your apple trees to help protect from scab.

 

Brassica (Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower) Keeping the soil pH around 7.0 to prevent club root disease.

 

Peach tree leaf curl: This is a common disease of peach trees. Sprays of horsetail tea, garlic (look further down the page for recipes) and seaweed can help to prevent this problem. Growing chives underneath them also helps.

 

Neem Oil will help prevent rust disease, black spot and can act as a general fungicide.

 

Potato scab: When planting your potato sets put some wilted comfrey leaves in with them to prevent scab. Also keeping the soil for your potato patch with a pH of 5 or below (acid) or a pH of 7 or above (alkaline) to prevent scab.


Natural Disease Treatments

Apple Cider Vinegar Fungicide:  For leafspot, mildew, and scab. 

To Make: Mix 3 tablespoons of cider vinegar (5% acidity) with one gallon water and spray in the morning on infested plants. Good for black spot on roses and aspen trees too.

Baking Soda Spray:  For anthracnose, early tomato blight, leaf blight and spots, powdery mildew, and as a general fungicide.  On plants that already have powdery mildew, hose down all infected leaves prior to treatment.   This helps to dislodge as many of the spores as possibly to get better results. Use as a prevention or as treatment at first signs of any of the diseases.

To make: Mix 1 tablespoon baking soda, 2 1/2 tablespoons vegetable oil with one gallon of water. Shake this up very thoroughly. To this mix add 1/2 teaspoon of pure Castile soap and spray. Be sure to agitate your sprayer while you work to keep the ingredients from separating. Cover upper and lower leaf surfaces and spray some on the soil. Repeat every 5-7 days as needed.

Chive Spray: For preventing apple scab and downy mildew on cucumber, pumpkin and zucchini.

To make: Put a bunch of chopped chives in a heat proof glass container, cover with boiling water. Let this sit until cool, strain and spray as often as two to three times a week.

 

Compost and Manure Teas: Keep blight and other pathogens away from plants.

Soak the area around plants and use as a foliage spray. Do not use on seedlings as it may encourage damping-off disease.

 

Various manures supply nutrients as follows: 

Chicken manure: nitrogen rich - use for heavy feeders such as corn, tomatoes and squash.

Cow Manure: potash: use for root crops.

Rabbit manure: promotes strong leaves and stems.

Horse manure: leaf development.

To make: Fill a 30 gallon trash can with water. Let sit for 24 hours to evaporate the additives (use rain water if you can). Add about 4 shovels worth of manure to this and cover. Let it sit for  2-3 weeks, stirring once a day. Strain and apply as needed.  For compost tea, make and use just the same as you would the manure tea. This is another terrific reason to compost all those prunings, grass clipping and kitchen wastes.

 

Corn and Garlic Spray Fungus Preventative: This blend is surprisingly potent preventative spray to protect your plants.

To make: Gather a handful of corn leaves, clematis leaves (any kind) and as much of the papery outer leaves of garlic as you can. Process thoroughly in a blender. The mix with sufficient water to make a thin liquid. Let sit for an hour, strain and spray on plants as a preventative.

 

Elder Leaf Spray: Elder leaves have fungicidal properties and may be useful against mildew and black spot diseases.

To make: simmer 8 ounces of leaves in 16 ounces of water for 30 minutes. Stir this thoroughly, then strain. Take 16 ounces of warm water and mix with 1 tablespoon of Castile soap. Add soap mixture to the elder water, spray as needed. Note: Set your sprayer to a coarse or large droplet setting as this mixture will tend to plug a fine setting.

 

Garlic Fungicide Spray #1:  For leaf spot and mildews

To make: Combine 3 ounces of minced garlic cloves with 1 ounce of mineral oil. Let soak for 24 hours or longer. Strain.   Next mix 1 teaspoon of fish emulsion with 16 ounces of water. Add 1 tablespoon of castile soap to this.  Now slowly combine the fish emulsion water with the garlic oil. Kept in a sealed glass container this mixture will stay viable for several months. To use: Mix 2 tablespoons of garlic oil with 1 pint of water and spray.

 

Garlic Fungicide Spray #2:  Fungicide and Insect repellent

To make: Put in a blender: 1 whole head of garlic, 3 cups water, 2 Tbs canola oil, 4 hot peppers and a whole lemon. Blend until finely chopped. Steep mixture overnight. Strain through fine cheesecloth. Use at a rate of 4Tbs per gallon of water. Store unused portion in the refrigerator.

Horseradish:   Preventative for fungal disease and brown rot in apple trees..
To make: Process one cup of roots in food processor till finely chopped. Combine this with 16 ounces of water in a glass container and let soak for 24 hours. Strain liquid, discard the solids. Now mix the liquid with 2 quarts of water and spray.

Hydrogen Peroxide Treatment:  To prevent bacterial and fungal problems.  Will prevent  disease spores from adhering to the plant tissue. It causes no harm to plants or soil, however don't use on young transplants or direct seeded crops until they have become established.

Warning: Always test on a small portion of plant tissue first to check for any negative reactions. Do not proceed if there is any damage to plant tissue. Do not substitute food grade H2O2 for the common H2O2.

To Make: Spray plants with undiluted 3 percent hydrogen peroxide that you can buy most anywhere. Be sure to cover tops and bottoms of leaves. Do this once a week during dry weather and twice a week in wet weather. This works as a preventative. If you already have problems use this as a direct treatment.

Milk for Mildew: mildews on cucumber, asters, tomato, squash and zinnia foliage
This works by changing the pH on the surface of the leaves, so they are less susceptible to  mildew.

To Make: Use a 50/50 mixture of milk and water. Thoroughly spray plants every 3 to 4  days at first sign of mildews or use weekly as a preventative measure. Milk can also be mixed at a rate of 2 ounces milk to 18 ounces of water and used as a spray every 7 to 10 days to treat mosaic disease on cucumber, tomato and lettuce.

Tomato Virus Protective Spray: 
To prevent the many viruses that attack tomato plants this simple remedy really works! The antitranspirant protects the plant surface against disease spores. The skim milk provides the tomato plant with calcium. A calcium deficiency is common in tomato plants.  Antitranspirants can be used to protect many plants against bacterial disease before they attack. They are harmless and will not block the pores of the plant tissue.
To make: Mix 1/2 teaspoon of antitranspirant with 8 ounces of skim milk, and 1 gallon of water. Spray plants. Clean out your sprayer when done and flush with fresh water..
NOTE: an equivalent of prepared powdered milk may be substituted for the skim milk.
Removing leaves on the lower portion of the plant may help lessen contact with disease spores and certainly won't hurt the plant.

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